Graphic Design Equipment for Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide to Get You Started

Equip Yourself with the Essentials

Are you a beginner looking to dive into the world of graphic design? Before you embark on your creative journey, it is important to have the right equipment at your disposal. In this article, we will guide you through the essential tools and gadgets that every aspiring graphic designer should consider. From computers to software and drawing tablets, we have got you covered with our comprehensive recommendations and valuable tips. So, let’s get started and equip you with everything you need to unleash your creativity!

Computers: Powerhouses for Design

Your computer is the cornerstone of your graphic design journey. It needs to be powerful enough to handle the demanding tasks involved in graphic design. As an aspiring graphic designer, investing in a reliable computer is crucial. According to Adobe, the industry-standard design software company, their software runs best on systems with certain specifications, such as a minimum of 8GB RAM and a dedicated graphics card. Ensure that your computer meets these requirements to ensure smooth operations.

Operating System

The choice of your computer’s operating system plays a crucial role in your graphic design journey. The two most popular operating systems among designers are macOS and Windows. Each has its own advantages and it ultimately comes down to personal preference and compatibility with the software you intend to use.

“Should I choose macOS or Windows for graphic design?”

macOS is known for its seamless integration with design software and its intuitive user interface. It is often the preferred choice for designers working in industries such as advertising and fashion. On the other hand, Windows offers a wider variety of hardware options, making it a more cost-effective choice for those on a budget. Whichever operating system you choose, ensure that it is compatible with the software you plan to use.

Hardware Specifications

When it comes to hardware specifications, there are a few key components you should pay attention to:

Processor (CPU)

The processor is the brain of your computer and determines its overall performance. Look for a processor with multiple cores and a high clock speed for better multitasking and faster processing of complex design files.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

RAM is vital for running graphic design software smoothly. Aim for at least 8GB of RAM, but if you work on large projects or use multiple software simultaneously, consider upgrading to 16GB or more for optimal performance.

Graphics Card

A dedicated graphics card is essential for graphic design tasks, as it accelerates rendering and improves the overall performance of design software. Look for a graphics card with dedicated video memory (VRAM) to handle graphic-intensive processes effectively.


Storage options for computers typically include hard disk drives (HDD) and solid-state drives (SSD). While HDDs offer larger storage capacities at a lower cost, SSDs provide faster read and write speeds, resulting in snappier performance when handling large design files. Consider investing in an SSD for faster data access.


A high-quality display is essential for accurate color representation and precise detailing. Look for a monitor with a wide color gamut, high resolution, and good color accuracy. Consider displays with IPS (In-Plane Switching) technology for wide viewing angles and accurate color reproduction.


Ensure that your computer provides ample connectivity options, including USB ports, HDMI, and Thunderbolt, to connect peripherals such as drawing tablets, printers, and scanners.

Software: The Magic Behind Design

“What software should I use as a beginner graphic designer?”

If you have asked yourself this question, you are not alone. With a plethora of software options available, it can be overwhelming to choose the right one. Adobe Creative Cloud, particularly Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Illustrator, is often considered the industry standard for graphic design. However, there are several free alternatives such as GIMP and Inkscape that are worth exploring. Creative Bloq provides a comprehensive list of software options tailored for different design needs.

Adobe Creative Cloud

Adobe Creative Cloud is a subscription-based suite of design software that includes industry-standard applications like Photoshop, Illustrator, and InDesign. These software options offer a wide range of features and versatility, making them suitable for both beginners and professionals. The Creative Cloud subscription grants access to regular updates and cloud-based storage, allowing you to work seamlessly across multiple devices.

Photoshop: The Powerhouse for Image Editing

Adobe Photoshop is a versatile software that allows you to manipulate and enhance images with precision. It offers a wide range of tools, filters, and effects, making it the go-to choice for tasks like photo retouching, composition, and digital painting. Photoshop’s extensive capabilities make it an essential tool for graphic designers.

Illustrator: Unleash Your Vector Artistry

Adobe Illustrator is a vector-based software that excels in creating scalable graphics and illustrations. It provides precise control over paths, shapes, and colors, allowing you to create stunning visuals suitable for both print and web. Illustrator’s vector-based nature ensures that your designs retain their quality and sharpness, regardless of size.

InDesign: Master the Art of Layout

Adobe InDesign is a layout and publishing software that enables you to create visually appealing documents, such as brochures, magazines, and posters. It offers advanced features for managing typography, creating multi-page layouts, and integrating images seamlessly. InDesign is a must-have tool for designers working in the print industry.

Free Alternatives

If you’re on a tight budget or prefer not to commit to a subscription-based service, there are several free software options available that provide powerful features comparable to their paid counterparts.

GIMP: The Open-Source Photoshop Alternative

GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a free and open-source image editor that offers many features similar to Photoshop. It provides tools for photo retouching, image composition, and graphic design. GIMP’s user-friendly interface and active community make it a popular choice among beginners and professionals alike.

Inkscape: The Vector Art Champion

Inkscape is a free and open-source vector graphics editor that rivals Adobe Illustrator. It enables you to create vector-based illustrations, logos, and other scalable graphics. Inkscape’s intuitive interface and extensive set of tools make it a viable option for those starting their graphic design journey.

Drawing Tablets: Enhancing Your Artistic Touch

Are you ready to take your creativity to the next level?

A drawing tablet can be a game-changer for digital drawing and illustration. These devices allow you to directly draw on a surface, mimicking the experience of traditional pen and paper. One of the most popular drawing tablets among beginners is the Wacom Intuos Pro. Its pressure sensitivity, accuracy, and customizable keys give you an intuitive drawing experience. Don’t forget to check the tablet’s compatibility with your computer before making a purchase.

Types of Drawing Tablets

When choosing a drawing tablet, you’ll encounter two main types: screen-based tablets and non-screen tablets.

Screen-Based Tablets

Screen-based tablets, also known as display tablets, have an integrated screen on which you can directly draw. These tablets provide a more natural and immersive drawing experience since your hand movements are in sync with the image you are creating. However, screen-based tablets tend to be more expensive compared to non-screen tablets.

Non-Screen Tablets

Non-screen tablets, also known as graphics tablets, require you to connect them to a separate monitor or computer. They consist of a pressure-sensitive surface that acts as your drawing canvas, while your eyes remain focused on the connected screen. Non-screen tablets are generally more affordable and offer a wider range of options.

Factors to Consider when Choosing a Drawing Tablet

When choosing a drawing tablet, consider the following factors:

Pressure Sensitivity

Pressure sensitivity refers to the tablet’s ability to detect the amount of pressure you apply while drawing. The higher the pressure sensitivity, the more control you have over variations in line thickness and opacity. Look for a tablet with at least 2048 levels of pressure sensitivity for a more versatile drawing experience.

Active Area

The active area of a drawing tablet is the portion that is responsive to your pen movements. Consider the size of the active area based on your workflow and the level of detail you prefer. Larger active areas offer more room for expressive strokes and detailed sketches.

Shortcut Keys

Some drawing tablets come with customizable shortcut keys or buttons that you can assign for quick access to frequently used functions. These shortcut keys can streamline your workflow and enhance productivity. Consider whether having programmable shortcut keys aligns with your design process.


Ensure that the drawing tablet you choose is compatible with your computer’s operating system and design software. While most drawing tablets are compatible with both Windows and macOS, it’s important to check for any specific requirements or limitations.

Monitors: A Crystal-Clear View of Your Designs

How can you ensure that your designs look their best?

Investing in a high-quality monitor is essential for accurate color representation and precise detailing. Look for a monitor with a wide color gamut and high resolution to showcase your designs in their truest form. The Dell Ultrasharp 27 4K Monitor is renowned for its color accuracy and crisp visuals. Pairing it with a color calibration device, such as the X-Rite i1Display Pro, will ensure that your designs are displayed accurately across various devices.

Types of Monitors

When choosing a monitor for graphic design, you’ll encounter different types that offer varying color accuracy, response times, and viewing angles.

IPS (In-Plane Switching) Monitors

IPS monitors are known for their superior color accuracy and wide viewing angles. They provide consistent and accurate colors regardless of the viewer’s perspective. IPS monitors are ideal for tasks that require precise color representation, such as photo editing and print design.

TN (Twisted Nematic) Monitors

TN monitors are characterized by fast response times, making them suitable for tasks that demand quick image transitions, such as gaming. However, TN monitors generally have narrower viewing angles and may exhibit inferior color accuracy compared to IPS monitors.

VA (Vertical Alignment) Monitors

VA monitors offer a balance between the wide viewing angles of IPS monitors and the fast response times of TN monitors. They provide good color accuracy and contrast, making them suitable for multimedia tasks like video editing and graphic design.

Color Accuracy and Calibration

Color accuracy is paramount for graphic designers, as it ensures that the colors you choose and manipulate appear consistent across different devices and media. To achieve accurate color representation, consider the following:

Color Gamut

The color gamut refers to the range of colors a monitor can display. Monitors with a wide color gamut, such as those with 100% sRGB or Adobe RGB coverage, provide more vibrant and accurate colors. Consider your specific design needs and ensure that your monitor covers the appropriate color gamut.

Color Calibration

Color calibration involves adjusting the monitor’s settings to ensure that displayed colors match industry-standard values. Calibration devices, such as the X-Rite i1Display Pro, help you achieve accurate and consistent color reproduction. Regularly calibrating your monitor is crucial to maintaining color accuracy over time.

Printers: Transforming Digital into Tangible

How do you bring your digital designs to life?

While digital designs dominate the industry, having a reliable printer at hand can be invaluable for creating physical portfolios, mock-ups, or business cards. Look for a printer that offers high-resolution printing and vibrant colors. The Epson SureColor P600 is a favorite among graphic designers for its exceptional color accuracy and versatility.

Types of Printers

When it comes to printers, there are various options available, each with its own strengths and suitable applications.

Inkjet Printers

Inkjet printers are commonly used by graphic designers due to their ability to produce high-quality prints with vibrant colors. They work by spraying tiny droplets of ink onto the paper, resulting in sharp and detailed images. Inkjet printers are suitable for a wide range of graphic design applications, including photo printing and creating marketing materials.

Laser Printers

Laser printers utilize toner and heat to fuse the ink onto the paper. They are known for their fast printing speeds and sharp text output, making them preferred for text-heavy documents. While laser printers may not offer the same level of color vibrancy as inkjet printers, they are excellent for producing crisp black and white prints and documents.

Professional Photo Printers

Professional photo printers are specifically designed for printing high-quality photographs with exceptional detail and color accuracy. These printers utilize advanced inkjet technology and dedicated pigment inks to produce museum-quality prints. Professional photo printers are ideal for graphic designers who prioritize gallery-worthy prints and fine art reproduction.

Considerations when Choosing a Printer

When selecting a printer for graphic design purposes, keep the following factors in mind:


Resolution refers to the printer’s ability to produce sharp and detailed prints. Look for printers with higher resolutions, measured in dots per inch (DPI), for better print quality. A resolution of 2400 DPI or higher is desirable for producing high-quality graphic design prints.

Ink System

Consider the type of ink system the printer uses. Printers with multiple ink cartridges, especially those with separate color cartridges, offer more accurate color reproduction and cost-effective replacement options. Pigment-based inks are generally preferred for graphic design due to their better longevity and color stability.

Paper Handling

Assess the printer’s paper handling capabilities to ensure it can accommodate your preferred paper sizes and types. Look for features like dual paper trays, manual feed slots, and support for thicker or specialty media if you plan to experiment with different print materials.

Scanners: Bridging the Gap between Analog and Digital

What if you want to incorporate traditional artwork into your designs?

A scanner enables you to convert physical artworks, sketches, orphotographs into digital files that can be edited and incorporated into your designs. Look for a scanner with a high optical resolution and the ability to scan different sizes and mediums. The Epson Perfection V600 is a reliable scanner that delivers excellent results for both reflective and film scanning.

Types of Scanners

There are different types of scanners available, each suited for specific scanning needs:

Flatbed Scanners

Flatbed scanners are the most common type and consist of a glass surface where you place the document or artwork to be scanned. This type of scanner is versatile and can scan various sizes and thicknesses, including pages from books or even 3D objects.

Sheet-fed Scanners

Sheet-fed scanners are designed to quickly scan multiple pages or documents in succession. They are ideal for scanning large volumes of documents efficiently. However, they are not suitable for scanning fragile or thick materials.

Slide and Negative Scanners

Slide and negative scanners are specifically designed for digitizing photographic slides and negatives. These scanners provide high-resolution scanning with built-in holders to securely hold the slides and negatives in place.

Resolution and Bit Depth

When choosing a scanner, pay attention to its resolution and bit depth:


The scanner’s resolution determines the level of detail captured in the scanned image. Resolution is measured in dots per inch (DPI), and a higher resolution will result in more detailed scans. For graphic design purposes, a scanner with a minimum resolution of 2400 DPI is recommended for accurate reproduction of fine details.

Bit Depth

Bit depth refers to the number of bits used to represent the color information of each pixel in the scanned image. A higher bit depth allows for a greater range of colors and tones. Scanners with 24-bit or 48-bit bit depth are ideal for graphic design, as they capture a wide range of colors with greater accuracy.

Scanner Software

Scanner software plays a crucial role in the scanning process, allowing you to control various settings and optimize the scanned images. Most scanners come with their own software that provides features like color correction, image enhancement, and the ability to save files in different formats. Familiarize yourself with the software’s capabilities to make the most out of your scanner.

Reference Books: Unlocking Design Inspiration

How can you expand your design knowledge and get inspired?

While the internet is a vast ocean of design resources, having reference books on your shelf can offer a deeper understanding and serve as a source of inspiration. Some popular graphic design books include “How Graphic Designers Work” by Ellen Lupton and “Steal Like an Artist” by Austin Kleon. These books provide valuable insights into the design process and ignite your creativity.

Design Theory and Principles

Books that explore design theory and principles provide a solid foundation for any aspiring graphic designer. They delve into topics such as composition, color theory, typography, and layout principles. Understanding these fundamentals will help you create visually impactful designs.

Art and Design History

Learning about the history of art and design can be a great source of inspiration and provide valuable context for your own work. Books that chronicle different art movements, renowned designers, and influential works can broaden your horizons and help you develop a unique design perspective.

Step-By-Step Tutorials

Books that offer step-by-step tutorials and practical exercises can be incredibly useful for beginners. These books guide you through various design techniques, software functionalities, and industry best practices. They often include visual examples and exercises that allow you to apply what you’ve learned.

Books by Industry Experts

Books authored by experienced designers and industry experts provide valuable insights and advice. These books often share personal experiences, case studies, and tips for overcoming design challenges. They can serve as a source of motivation and guidance as you navigate your graphic design journey.

Design Collections and Showcases

Design collections and showcases feature curated works from renowned designers or design studios. These books display a wide range of design styles, approaches, and projects in various fields, such as branding, editorial design, and packaging. Exploring these collections can spark your creativity and expose you to diverse design possibilities.

Graphic Design Equipment for Beginners – FAQ

  1. What is the minimum computer requirement for graphic design?

    The minimum requirement for a computer used in graphic design depends on factors such as the software you intend to use and the complexity of your projects. However, Adobe recommends a minimum of 8GB RAM and a dedicated graphics card for optimal performance.

  2. Is it necessary to buy expensive software for graphic design?

    No, it is not necessary to buy expensive software for graphic design. There are several free alternatives available, such as GIMP and Inkscape, that offer powerful features and can be suitable for beginners.

  3. Do I need a drawing tablet as a beginner graphic designer?

    A drawing tablet is not a necessity for every beginner, but it can greatly enhance your artistic capabilities in digital drawing and illustration. It provides a more intuitive and precise drawing experience compared to using a mouse or trackpad.

  4. Are expensive monitors necessary for graphic design?

    Expensive monitors are not necessary for graphic design, but it is important to invest in a high-quality monitor that offers accurate color representation and resolution. Look for a monitor with a wide color gamut and high resolution to ensure your designs look their best.

  5. What printers are best for graphic designers?

    Printers that offer high-resolution printing and vibrant colors are preferred by graphic designers. The Epson SureColor P600 is a popular choice for its exceptional color accuracy and versatility.

  6. Why do I need a scanner as a graphic designer?

    A scanner allows you to convert physical artworks or photographs into digital files, which can be edited and incorporated into your designs. It bridges the gap between analog and digital mediums, enabling you to explore various creative possibilities.

  7. How can reference books benefit a beginner graphic designer?

    Reference books provide in-depth knowledge, insights, and inspiration for graphic designers. They offer a different perspective and can be a valuable resource for expanding your design skills and creativity.

Summary: Essential Graphic Design Equipment for Beginners

In summary, the key equipment and tools every beginner graphic designer should consider include:

  • A powerful computer with adequate RAM and a dedicated graphics card.
  • Software options such as Adobe Creative Cloud or free alternatives like GIMP and Inkscape.
  • A drawing tablet like the Wacom Intuos Pro for an enhanced digital drawing experience.
  • A high-quality monitor with wide color gamut and high resolution.
  • A printer capable of high-resolution printing and vibrant colors, such as the Epson SureColor P600.
  • A scanner like the Epson Perfection V600 for converting physical artworks into digital files.
  • Reference books that provide knowledge and inspiration, such as “How Graphic Designers Work” and “Steal Like an Artist”.

Conclusion: Unleash Your Creative Potential

Now that you are equipped with the essential graphic design equipment, it’s time to unleash your creative potential. Experiment, learn, and explore your artistic capabilities with the tools and gadgets we have recommended. Remember, the journey of a graphic designer is filled with continuous learning and growth. So, dive in, create captivating designs, and make your mark in the world of graphic design!

Closing Words: Journey into the World of Graphic Design

Embarking on a journey into the world of graphic design can be both exciting and challenging. As a beginner, it’s important to have the right equipment to support your creative endeavors. While this article has provided you with valuable recommendations, remember that equipment alone cannot guarantee success. Dedication, perseverance, and a passion for design are the driving forces behind every great graphic designer.

So, take the first step, acquire the necessary tools, and let your imagination run wild. Remember, the world is your canvas, and you have the power to create visually stunning masterpieces that leave a lasting impact. Happy designing!

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